Philosophy – the love and pursuit of wisdom by intellectual means and moral self-discipline. Investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods. A system of thought based on or involving such inquiry. The critical analysis of fundamental assumptions or beliefs. The disciplines presented in university curriculums of science and the liberal arts, except medicine, law, and theology. The discipline comprising logic, ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, and epistemology. A set of ideas or beliefs relating to a particular field or activity; an underlying theory. A system of values by which one lives.
The origins of the term philosophy can be found with the early Christian (that is to say, Gnostic) Goddess Sophia, whose name means wisdom. The name ‘philosopher’ was first used by Pythagoras and means ‘lover of Sophia’. The earliest philosophers, although often thought of as dry academics were actually mystics and devotees of the Goddess. Philosophy then can and often does include an element of mystery, as in religion. However, it differs from religion in that rather than offering a worldview which has been defined by others through blind faith, it encourages you to set your own worldview through informed discussion, questioning and debate.
In this section I present different articles which I hope will encourage the reader to also question and debate.